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Encyclopaedia Judaica

Jews in London during World War II

Encyclopedia Judaica only indicates two or three sentences - this seems to be mysterious

from: London; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica, vol. 11

presented by Michael Palomino (2010)

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<The beginning of the persecutions in Germany in 1933 brought about a considerable influx of refugees who did a good deal to stimulate certain aspects of London Jewish life and to consolidate the organization of the extreme Orthodox wing.

Anti-Semitic movements were active during the 1930s, notably Sir Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists. the "Blackshirt" march through London's East End in October 1936 provoked massive disorders which led to the Public Order Act banning the political use of uniforms. The Mosleyites' march left a deep impression on the consciousness of London Jewry. [C.R.]


[Leaving the East End - leaving London 1940-1945 because of NS bombings]

<Between the two world wars, London Jewry experienced its first substantial population shift from the East End, a trend heightened during World War II, when, due to long periods of enemy bombing and extensive damage to the inner districts of London, Jews (together with the rest of the population) moved in large numbers to less vulnerable areas further from the center.

[[Heavy bombings of London killed about 500-1,000 Jews, also refugees from NS Europe. Also other towns up to Manchester were not safe from bombings and later V1 and V2 came]].

[[After 1945]] with a rise in the standard of living in Britain, considerable urban renewal and suburban development took place.> (col. 478)

[[Jewish immigration wave to London after 1945 is not mentioned. There must be something mysterious about these facts]].

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Encyclopaedia Judaica: Jews in London, vol.
                      11, col. 477-478
Encyclopaedia Judaica: Jews in London, vol. 11, col. 477-478