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Encyclopaedia Judaica

Racist Zionist organization in Bulgaria

Strong racist Zionism - emigration movements to Palestine before 1944 - exodus of 40,000 Jews to racist Herzl Israel 1944-1948 - closed racist Zionist institutions since 1949

Encyclopaedia Judiaca (1971), vol. 16, col. 1109:
                  Masthead of "Ha-Shofar", the [[racist]]
                  Zionist weekly in Hebrew and Bulgarian published in
                  Plovdiv, November 1935. Jerusalem, Yad Vashem
Encyclopaedia Judiaca (1971), vol. 16, col. 1109: Masthead of "Ha-Shofar", the [[racist]] Zionist weekly in Hebrew
and Bulgarian published in Plovdiv, November 1935. Jerusalem, Yad Vashem Archives

from: Zionism; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 16

presented by Michael Palomino (2008)

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Racist Zionist madness said that Jewry would be a "nation" which is never possible because Jewry is a religion. Add to this the Arabs were never asked if a "Jewish State" would be built. But many Jews believed the Jewish racist Zionists and warmongers, called "Zionists". Zionist racism is legal until now (2008) and their racist books like "The Jewish State" from racist Herzl are not forbidden...]]

[Little anti-Semitism - but strong racist Zionist in Bulgaria - racist Jewish settlement Hartuv - racist Zionist leader Baruch]
<A large part of the predominantly Sephardi and Ladino-speaking Jewish community of Bulgaria was always strongly attached to [[racist]] Zionism, although enjoying full civic rights since the establishment of independent Bulgaria (1878). They were not under pressure to emigrate and suffered little from anti-Semitism.

Even before Herzl's appearance, there were [[racist]] Zionist societies like Ezrat Ahim (Aḥim) in Sofia, Carmel in Plovdiv (Philippopolis), and Dorshei Zion in Khaskovo. Bulgarian Jews founded the [[racist Jewish]] settlement *Hartuv in Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]] as early as 1896, the same year in which [[racist]] Herzl was surprised nad moved by the enthusiastic welcome accorded to him by masses of Jews when his train stopped at the Sofia railway station en route to Constantinople.

Bulgaria was represented at the First [[racist]] Zionist Congress (1897) by Zevi (Ẓevi) Belkovsky, Yehoshua Caleb, and Carl Herbst. Marcus *Ehrenpreis, who became chief rabbi of Bulgaria, had taken a very active part in preparing the Congress and also attended it. The first Bulgarian [[racist]] Zionist Conference took place in 1898 in Plovdiv, which was the [[racist]]  Zionist center before Sofia. The leader of [[racist]] political Zionism in Bulgaria during its first stage was, until his tragic death (1899), Josef Marcou *Baruch.

[Anti-Zionists in Bulgaria - racist Zionist invasion in the Jewish communities - racist Zionist congresses]

The rapid spread of [[racist]] Zionist societies encountered some opposition on the part of the assimilationists influenced by the French education in the Alliance Israélite Universelle schools, but they were less strong than in other countries. However, the [[racist]] Zionists quickly "conquered the communities", in accordance with Herzl's demand.

In 1900 they initiated the convocation of the First [[racist Zionist]] National Congress of Bulgarian Jewry, which adopted statutes transforming synagogue groups into veritable communities.

[1919-1939: Hebrew as language of instruction - racist Zionist youth movement - WIZO - Maccabi - racist Zionist pioneer movement He-Halutz - emigration movement to Palestine and racist Jewish settlements]

The second [[racist Zionist]] congress in 1920 already had a [[racist]]  Zionist majority and proclaimed the religious and national solidarity of all Jewish inhabitants of the country, regardless of origin, language, or citizenship. Another [[racist Zionist]] congress took place in 1932. The publication of the central [[racist]] Zionist organ Ha-Shofar was started in 1901. Due to [[racist]] Zionist influence, in the 1920s Hebrew became the language of instruction (apart from subjects like Bulgarian history and literature) at all schools maintained by the Consistory, the central Jewish community organization, which were attended by the great majority of Jewish children.

Between the two world wars Alberto Romano, for many years chairman of the [[racist]] Zionist Federation of Bulgaria, and Hayyim (Ḥayyim) Aaron Farhi (Farḥi), chairman of the Consistory and member of the Bulgarian parliament, were among the most important figures in [[racist]] Zionist life. The movement became diversified, and parties and youth movements were set up. [[Racist Zionism systematically abused the enthusiasm of youth for it's racist Empire projects and wars, as later Hitlerism did...]]

The Bulgarian WIZO was founded in 1923; in 1930 Maccabi had more than 3,300 members in 24 clubs; the number of shekel holders reached 8,000, a much higher percentage of the population than in most countries; He-Halutz (He-Ḥalutz) was training its members for aliyah [[emigration to Palestine]] in training farms, such as that near Pazardzhik.

After the Revisionist secession from the [[racist]] World Zionist Organization (1935), the New [[racist]] Zionist Organizations set up branches of the Betar movement. They issued their own weekly Razsvet. One of their leaders, Benjamin Arditti, was afterward a member of the Israel Knesset from the Herut (Ḥerut) list.

Hundreds of Bulgarian Jews settled in Palestine during the Mandate period [[1919-1947]]. Some of them established their own [[racist Jewish]] settlements, like the moshavim [[settlements]] Kefar Hittin (Ḥittin) near Tiberias and Bet Hanan (Ḥanan) south of Tel Aviv. Members of Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (ha-Ẓa'ir) who settled in Palestine before 1935 founded five [[racist Jewish]] kibbutzim.

[Illegal immigration to Palestine - Fascist regime 1940-1944 - racist Zionist institutions and exodus  of 40,000 Jews 1944-1949 - closed racist Zionist institutions since 1949]

The [[racist]] Zionists of Bulgaria were active in organizing "illegal" immigration to Palestine [[against any English law of the Mandate]] before and immediately after World War II. They also assisted Jews from other countries, who fled the Nazis [[and their collaborators]] (col. 1108)

or pro-Nazi regimes, to embark on "illegal" transports from Bulgarian ports to Palestine. All [[racist]] Zionist activities had to cease under the Fascist regime during World War II, but immediately after the country's liberation a [[racist]] Zionist Conference was convened (1944) and a [[racist]] Zionist organ Zionisticheska Tribuna published. In 1946 a United [[racist]] Zionist Organization was set up. In the same year more than 14,000 shekels were distributed and almost 9,000 voters took part in the elections to the 22nd [[racist]] Zionist Congress, at which Bulgaria was represented by four delegates.

The Communist regime, under Georgi Dimitrov, at first displayed sympathy for the newborn [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] State of Israel and permitted all Bulgarian Jews who wished to go to [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel to do so without placing any obstacles in their way. Thus, in the years 1944-49, a real exodus of Bulgarian Jews took place, when 40,000 of them settled in [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel. [[The Jews were lead from one war into the next one, but now into an eternal war trap against the Arabs]]. However, in accordance with the policy of the Soviet bloc [[when turned out that Israel would become a CIA satellite of the criminal racist "USA"]], this attitude changed, and in 1949 all [[racist]] Zionist bodies had to disband "voluntarily" and all [[racist]] Zionist activities ceased.

[A.Z.]> (col. 1109)

[[The Arabs are not mentioned in this article. For racist Zionists the Arabs do not count or count only as slaves, according to the racist Herzl booklet "The Jewish State" (translated word for word: "The Jew State")]].

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Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Zionism, vol. 16,
                    col. 1107-1108
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Zionism, vol. 16, col. 1107-1108
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Zionism, vol. 16,
                    col. 1109-1110
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Zionism, vol. 16, col. 1109-1110

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