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Brazil: native tribes in the Amazonas basin:

Bororo natives, Tupigorani natives, Waiapi natives

Film protocol from Michael Palomino   (2001; translation)



from: Indianer III.: Die Waiapi - Volk des Dschungels [Indians III.: The Waiapi - people of the jungle]; phoenix, 4.1.2001, 20:15-21:15

Bororo natives: almost exterminated

The Bororo are Brazil indios of the savannah, without towns or fortifications. From their culture only their songs exist yet. The dances are lost and only exist in films, for example the jaguar rituals.

Without fortifications the Portuguese racists had an "easy play" with the Bororo.

Today the flocks of the white racists are ousting the Bororo, so the Bororo are imprisoned in little villages. They are forced to be integrated into the agrarian economy in a fertilizer company. In 1450 about there were 50.000 Bororo, today 300.


Tupigorani natives
They were the most powerful group of the indio tribes in the Amazonas basin in former times. Today they live in reservations together with the Tupi. They flee with the Waiapis from the white racists into the jungle.

Western researchers brought lethal illnesses to the indios so many Tupis died.

Waiapi natives are fighting for themselves successfully

The Waiapi are nomades migrating through the virgin forest until Northern Brazil. A part of them lives in the Brazil virgin forest, another part in French Guayana. The Waiapi have reconstructed their history and refuse western clothes as the only people [of the three tribes prescribed in this film].

The Waiapis have animals as a part of the household. They refuse to build towns.

The Waiapi don't know fix meals. They eat when they are hungry. Popunia is a cooked fruit.

The clear delimitation against the culture of the White
The White are not popular because the White cure only their own illnesses. The Waiapi also can distinguish clearly which instruments and machines are useful or bring harm to them. Thrillers, western films or stupefying talk shows have no chance to be performed, but films of resistance are often performed. The Waiapis even envite the White for film performances.

The children of the Waiapis go to school. Subjects of the curriculum are hygiene and illnesses of feet, work with microscope to search for example for malaria. The microscope is one of the accepted instruments from the Whites.

Borders which are not respected by the white racists

The territory of the indios is marked, but the white gold diggers do not respect it and they are contaminating the whole territory with mercury and bring illnesses into the virgin forest which bring a high death rate to the indios. Therefore the Waiapis are driving away the gold diggers at regular intervals. They have radio contact between the villages for that.

The village Mariru

Oruku is a fruit to be rubbed on the skin to color the human skin

Attempts of the white culture:
-- a bra is a peace of ornament
-- women wear a towel around the waist
-- men wear wristwatches.

Indian traditions:
-- women and men are separated
-- production of manyok alcohol: Kasiri.

The indios enjoy to film the Whites.

Fishing and chasing. Chasing can take weeks or months.

The chase is exhausting because the animals, birds and chickens of the virgin forest are shy. But there is never a hurry because time tables are not known. There is an economy of the needs, not of the time.

Girl's education and marriage
After the first menstruation / menarche the girls get their hair cut and the marriage begins. The new hair will be stronger. The marriage has no great ceremony.

Palm leaves are plaited to buskets.

The white racist and his missionars had no chance at the Waiapi.

Ceremonies: The ceremony for the jaguar ghost Onza
The Onza ceremony is one of the oldest rituals:
-- conjuration of the ghost Onza, the ghost of jaguar - the jaguar is appreciated for his wisdom and his skillfulness
-- a faked chase with blowtubes is performed

-- the men bring Kasiri to the women in thanks for the preparation of the festivities, the manyok alcohol beverage
-- the festivity is 7 houres, with playing darts, even women may play darts
-- then for 8 houres a fighting is performed ending with a victory and with the adoration of the ghost of Onza.

The Waiapi are successfully using the culture of the Whites and use only the necessary of it. They preserve their own identity. They have the luck not to be driven away and they have the energy to fight against the invasion of the white racists.

Conclusions by Michael Palomino

-- the lawful protection does not use anything to the indio tribes when the white racists are not respecting the law and when the compliance with the regulations is not controlled

-- racism is a psychical illness which is not defined until today, and this illness of racism will provoke the extermination of cultures again and again.