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Encyclopaedia Judaica

Anti-Semitism in Poland and CSSR 1956-1970

Polish Gomulka regime with liberal legislation - emigrations - CSSR Prague Spring with allegations against world wide racist Zionists

from: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971: Anti-Semitism, vol. 3

presented by Michael Palomino (2008)




[Poland with Gomulka - returning Jews from criminal Gulag Soviet Union - emigration to Palestine]

Popular expression of anti-Semitism in Poland became overt once more when Gomulka's government rose to power in October 1956. One of its sources was hatred of the overthrown Stalinist higher echelon [[hierarchy]], which in Poland included a number of Jews in key positions (e.g., Jacob *Berman and Hilary *Minc). However, Gomulka's regime was expressly opposed to anti-Semitism. In the framework of repatriation of former Polish citizens, it made possible the return of many Jews from the [[criminal Gulag]] U.S.S.R. and their further migration to [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel [[into the next war trap]].

[[There were about 25,000 repatriated Jews, and other hundreds of thousands were not repatriated and stayed in central Soviet Union]]:

<In Poland it was once more possible to foster [[make tradition of]] Jewish literature and to reestablish contact with Jewish organizations abroad. The JDC [[Joint]] and ORT returned to devote themselves primarily to the approximately 25,000 Polish Jews who were being repatriated from the U..S.S.R., under an agreement between Gomulka's government and the Soviet Union (along with hundreds of thousands of people who had been Polish citizens in 1939 but for some reason had not been repatriated after the war).>
(from: Poland; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 13, col. 784)

It did not interfere with the exodus of the remnant of Polish Jewry to [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel and other countries. However, its policy underwent a marked change following the Six-Day War in June 1967, becoming extremely anti-Israel, in line with Soviet policy.

Gomulka even went a step further, when he publicly warned the Jews in Poland against becoming a "fifth column" by expressions of sympathy for [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel. Following this stand, a number of books and articles appeared that sharply attacked [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel and [[racist]] Zionism, with distinctly anti-Semitic overtones. This paved the way for wide anti-Jewish purges in the ranks of the government, universities, and other fields in the spring of 1968, when government circles blamed "Zionists" for mass demonstrations held by students and professors in the universities.

The anti-Jewish pure and propaganda campaign was directed and exploited by one of the party factions for political ends. This faction, known as the "Partisans", was headed by the minister of the interior and head of the security police, Mieczyslaw (Mieczysław) Moczar.

[CSSR - Prague Spring of 1968 and allegations]

In Czechoslovakia, where traditional anti-Semitism has no deep roots, as in the Ukraine and in Poland, Antonin Novotny, president of the republic and secretary of the Communist Party, ruled continuously from the period of the Slansky Trial until early in 1968. When he was ousted by the liberal wing of the Communist Party, there was a general improvement in the atmosphere. Jewish cultural and religious life was favorably affected. But, during the sharp controversy between the [[criminal Gulag]] Soviet government and the liberal regime in Prague that led to the invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet army in August 1968, Soviet and Polish propaganda used anti-Jewish allusions (e.g., that "Zionists" had pulled the strings of the "counterrevolution" in Czechoslovakia).

[[This is probably true because the contacts to the criminal racist "USA" and to it's satellites in western Europe were close, and the liberal regime in Prague felt betrayed when western army did not come to help against the "Soviet" Communist troops. Criminal racist "USA" and all western European satellites stuck together with the racist Zionists in Israel...]]

Following the invasion, Jewish figures in the liberal Czechoslovak regime,such as Eduard *Goldstuecker, Ota Sik (¦ik), and others, were forced to disappear or even to leave the country. In the Czechoslovak crisis, as in the anti-Jewish purges in Poland that year, anti-Semitism, mostly disguised as "anti-Zionism", was one of the prime elements in the influence exerted by Soviet agencies in Soviet block countries; it naturally served even (col. 159)

more the needs of the anti-Israel campaign conducted by the [[criminal Gulag]] Soviet government and propaganda media in Arab countries.

See also *Anti-Semitic Political Parties and Organizations; *Fascist Movements, 1918-45; *Holocaust; Theory of *Race; *France, anti-Semitism; *United States, anti-Semitism.

[B.E.]> (col. 160)

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971):
                        Anti-Semitism, vol. 3, col. 159-160
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Anti-Semitism, vol. 3, col. 159-160
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Poland, vol.
                        13, col. 783-784
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Poland, vol. 13, col. 783-784