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Yehuda Bauer: My Brother's Keeper

A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee 1929-1939

[Holocaust preparations in Europe and resistance without solution of the situation]

The Jewish Publication Society of America, Philadelphia 1974

Transcription with subtitles by Michael Palomino (2007)



Chapter 4. Refugees: 1933-1938
[4.6. Hostile European governments - the negative propaganda from Nazi Berlin against Jewish refugees is "successful"]

[Since 1934 approx.: European governments are indifferent and partly hostile to German Jewish refugees]

Besides trying to find places of refuge for Germany's Jews, McDonald saw that his main task was to ease the fate of those German (p.148)

Jewish refugees who were now in European countries. There he encountered governmental indifference - sometimes even hostility - that nullified much of his work.

[European governments want to get rid of the German Jewish refugees by McDonalds!]
He was perfectly aware that the governments saw in him a means of getting rid of the refugees.

(End note 31: WAC, Box 316 (d), McDonald to Warburg, 8/16/34 [16 August 1934])

[Nov 1934: McDonalds reports high charges for documents and no work permission for Jewish refugees]

At a meeting of the governing body of the High Commission in early November 1934 he chided the governments for harrying the refugees, making them pay exorbitant sums for official papers, and especially for refusing them the right to work. He tried to prove to them that they would only gain by allowing refugees to enter their countries and work there.

[Since 1933: Hitler regime makes propaganda against refugees in whole Europe - and governments let starve the refugees]

However, German anti-Jewish and antirefugee propaganda had obviously been successful, and had "made the position of the refugees more uncertain in some countries and their admission more difficult in others."

(End note 32: JDC Library, London meeting of governing body, 11/1-2/34 [1-2 November 1934])