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Yehuda Bauer: My Brother's Keeper

A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee 1929-1939

[Holocaust preparations in Europe and resistance without solution of the situation]

The Jewish Publication Society of America, Philadelphia 1974

Transcription with subtitles by Michael Palomino (2007)



Chapter 6. The Beginning of the End
[H. Reactions abroad to the Reichskristallnacht / crystal night and to the split of CSSR]

[6.25. Smaller havens in Europe for Jews]

On the Continent there was scarcely a country that did not accept some refugees, but the numbers were small and many obstacles were put in their way. In early 1939 there were still about 2,000 refugees in Yugoslavia, although by now many had been expelled. JDC sent small sums of money to aid the Zagreb community, which organized some help (JDC sent $ 4,300).

Sweden took about 2,000 people, and so did Bulgaria.

There were between 16,000 and (p.269)

18,000 refugees in Poland (these were discussed above in connection with the Zbaszyn episode). Norway accepted 2,000. There were 350 in Luxembourg, 600 in Greece, 200 in Finland, 1,000 in Latvia, and so on. Even in Albania there were 150 Jewish refugees from Central Europe. JDC did not - could not - intervene in all these countries. In some, like the Scandinavian countries, there were well-organized communities or reasonable friendly governments. There was no way to transmit money safely to certain places, but wherever it was possible, JDC fulfilled its usual role.