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[Mossad] Encyclopaedia Judaica

Moses Fantasy Zionist Jewish kibbutz "pioneer youth movement" Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir

Moses Fantasy Zionist Moses Fantasy Jewish youth movement since 1916 - the manipulation methods - ranks, publications - obligation for emigration to Fantasy Palestine and to live in a kibbutz - mixed ideology with Moses Fantasy Zionism and class Marxism - world movement since 1920 and separatists - WW II with flight to "SU", with members in the Jesus Fantasy Russian army and in Moses Fantasy Jewish resistance in Nazi Germanic Fantasy NS territories - D.P. children activity, help for illegal immigration to Fantasy Palestine - propaganda in Jesus Fantasy Latin "America" - branches worldwide

from: [Moses Fantasy] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir ; In: [Mossad] Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 8

presented by Michael Palomino (2008 / 2019)

3 fantasies - Moses is a fantasy - Jesus is a fantasy - Muhammad is a fantasy - but Mother Earth is REAL
Moses is a fantasy - nothing could be found of him. The proofs are in the book: The Bible unearthed - link. So, Jewry is a fantasy, and also the Jewish calendar is a fantasy. Also Jesus is a fantasy: nothing could be found, but it's a code fantasy with the numbers 3,12,13 and 33 - link. Therefore, Christiandom is a fantasy, and also the Christian calendar is a fantasy - and the Vatican is a criminal pedophile satanic drug money laundering bank mafia - link with videos - link with news. Also Muhammad is a fantasy: nothing could be found, and the name "Muhammad" was used only since 850, not in 600 - link. Therefore also the Muslim calendar is a fantasy. Peace and healings and instructions how to handle the planet are with Mother Earth - Mother Earth is REAL and everybody can learn it: http://www.med-etc.com - have a good day. - Michael Palomino, May 12, 2019

Encyclopaedia Judaica = Mossad - proofs link

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Moses Fantasy Zionist madness says that Moses Fantasy Jewry would be a "nation" which is never possible because Moses Fantasy Jewry is a religion. Add to this the Muhammad Fantasy Arabs were never asked if a "Moses Fantasy Jewish State" would be built. But many Moses Fantasy Jews believed the Moses Fantasy Jewish Moses Fantasy Zionists and warmongers, called "Zionists" with it's racist Herzl booklet "The Moses Fantasy Jewish State". The Moses Fantasy Zionist Moses Fantasy Jewish leaders abused the Moses Fantasy Jewish youth with "youth movements" like Moses Fantasy Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir)]].

The article:

[Two Moses Fantasy Zionist youth movements from Galicia merged in Vienna in 1916]

<[[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir), Zionist-socialist pioneering youth movement whose aim is to educate [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewish youth for kibbutz life in [[Moses Fantasy Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel. [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) had its roots in two youth movements that came into being in Galicia (then a province of the Austro-Hungarian Empire) before World War I:

-- [[Moses Fantasy]] Ze'irei (Ẓe'irei) Zion, which emphasized cultural activities; and

-- [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer, primarily a scouting movement (based on the British model).

During the war, when many thousands of [[Moses Fantasy]] Jews from the eastern part of the empire took refuge in Vienna, the two movements merged and took on the name [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) (1916). At the same time a similar development took place among the [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewish youth movements in the [[Jesus Fantasy]] Russian part of Poland.

[Ideological fantasies after 1918 - "peace and progress" - help for pogrom victims - mental inspiration by writings from Moses Fantasy Zionists in Fantasy Palestine - and by Free Youth Movement]

The early years of the movement coincided with the immediate postwar period, which was marked by a national and social awakening among the peoples of Europe, the October Revolution in [[Jesus Fantasy]] Russia, and the great hope of standing on the threshold of an era of peace and progress. The ideology of the new movement was also profoundly affected by the persecutions to which East European [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewry was exposed at the time (the Petlura pogroms in the Ukraine, the pogrom in Lvov, etc.).

On a spiritual level, [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) drew its inspiration from the *[[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer in Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]]; the writings of A.D. *Gordon, J.H. *Brenner, J. *Trumpeldor; as well as from the romantic aura surrounding the revolutionary anti-czarist underground and its heroes.

Other influences on the movement are to be found in the Free Youth Movement (the Wandervogel [[rolling stone]]) as it was first developed in [[racist kaiser]] Germany before World War I and in the new philosophy, literature, psychology, and pedagogy of the time, which called for a reevaluation of existing modes of life and thought.

Thus, [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) sought to create a synthesis between [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewish culture and the rebuilding and defending of Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]], on the one hand, and universal cultural and philosophical values, on the other, and this was to become a characteristic aspect of the movement's ideology.

Educational Method

[The manipulation method: "Special emphasis on the training of the individual and the development of the personality"]

Another characteristic of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) is its educational method, which provides for an organic combination of "training and study groups" with the independent culture and life of youth as practiced by the Free Youth Movement, and also utilizing the symbols and the discipline of scouting. The movement puts special emphasis on the training of the individual and the development of the personality (in its early years Nietzsche's Thus Spake Zarathustra was very popular in the ranks of the movement).

[Levels, branches, and publications]

The basic pedagogic unit of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) is the kevuzah (kevuẓah) [[kibbutz]] (in which the sexes are not mixed), several of which, of the same age groups, (co. 1372)

combine for certain activities to form larger, coeducational units, such as the peluggah ("company") and gedud ("batallion"). There are three age groups - the young level (age 11-14), known as kefirim ("cubs"), benei midbar ("sons of the desert"), or benei Massada (sons of Massadah); the intermediate level (15-16), known as zofim (ẓofim) ("scouts"); and the adult level (from 17 upward) known as bogerim ("adults"), as well as keshishim ("oldsters") and magshimim ("implementers, those who fulfill").

Each level has its own program, which is adapted to its emotional needs and intellectual capacity. A local branch is a ken ("nest"), and it is headed by hanhagat ha-ken ("ken leadership"); a district branch is ha-galil and is headed by hanhagat ha-gallil; while a national federation is headed by ha-hanhagah ha-rashit ("chief leadership") and the entire world movement is headed by ha-hanhagah ha-elyonah ("supreme leadership").

Before World War II, the Warsaw headquarters of the movement published two periodicals, both in Hebrew:

-- [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir), which served as the organ of the movement as a whole and its adult level, and

-- Ha-Mizpeh (Ha-Miẓpeh), which was the organ of the intermediate level.

There was also a [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) publishing house in Warsaw, which put out books of educational content. The various national branches also had their own organs, either in Hebrew or the local languages.

Personal Fulfillment

[Anti-assimilation movement - Hebrew culture - pioneering and emigration for Fantasy Palestine - reasons to be kicked out]

[[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) is also noted for its application of the principle of personally fulfilling the ideals of the movement. It fosters among its adherents radicalism in the original sense of the term - the search for the root of things and the demand for consistency of thought, analysis, and action; this leads to the principal obligation of the individual - that of personal fulfillment of ideals and conclusions. As a result, the movement took up the struggle against assimilation (including "Red" assimilation, i.e., the widespread phenomenon of [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewish youth and intellectuals being drawn entirely into communist or socialist movements, denying their [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewish identity, and abandoning [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewish values and their responsibility for the fate of the [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewish people).

It fostered the use of Hebrew - as opposed to the local language - and created pioneering [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewish atmosphere in its groups, a pedagogic measure culminating in the paramount obligation of its members - aliyah [[emigration to [[Fantasy]] Palestine]] and life in a kibbutz. The strict application of the principle of personal fulfillment resulted in tens of thousands of young people passing through the ranks of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) and being forced to leave the movement for

-- failing to settle in [[Moses Fantasy Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel,
-- failing to join a kibbutz,
-- or failing to fulfill other demands put upon them by the movement.

There were, of course, thousands who stood the test and settled in Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]] in kibbutzim of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir).

[[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) insists on the organic continuity of its program, from the youngest level up to the personal fulfillment by its adult members in the form of membership in a kibbutz in [[Moses Fantasy Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel. The principle of personal fulfillment also accounts for the profound educational influence exerted by the kevuzah (kevuẓah) [[kibbutz]] leader. This derives not only from his way of life and the quality of his performance as their instructor, but also from the conviction on the part of the young members that whatever their leader demands of them, he is about to fulfill himself - settling in [[Moses Fantasy Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel and joining a kibbutz.

[[There were no Muhammad Fantasy Arabs in the kibbutz...]]

Beginnings in Erez Israel [(Land of Israel) since 1919 - ideology since 1926 with Moses Fantasy Zionism and class Marxism]

During the Third Aliyah, (1919-23) some 600 members of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) settled in Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]]. There was no institutional link between the various groups of these settlers or between them and the movement abroad. As a result, the strength of this first wave of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) settlers was dissipat-degree (col. 1373)

were not absorbed in kibbutz life. Furthermore, the removal of the most mature and most active members from the tasks they had fulfilled as instructors and guides caused a general slackening in the activities of the movement abroad. A severe crisis of "individualism" set in, known in the annals of the movement as "the great drift". It was not until 1927, when the *Kibbutz Arzi [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Arẓi [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Ẓa'ir) was founded, that a permanent framework was established for the organized absorption of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (ha-Ẓa'ir) settlers in Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]] and for the guidance of the movement abroad.

In the period of the Third and Fourth Aliyah (up to 1926), [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) evolved its ideology. Slanted toward Marxism, it represented a synthesis between [[racist]] Zionism and socialism, between pioneering construction and class war. When the *Histadrut was founded (1920), the [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) kibbutzim failed to find a common language with any of the existing parties, and, instead of joining any of them, they declared themselves an independent group. Apart from its tasks in the kibbutzim, in the settlement of newcomers, and in education, the Kibbutz Arzi (Arẓi) also became a framework for the joint development of political ideology ("ideological collectivism") and for joint political action in the Histadrut and the [[racist]] Zionist Movement.

The [[[Moses Fantasy]] Zionist kibbutzim] World Movement

[World wide branches of the kibbutz Moses Fantasy Ha-Shomer movement since the 1920s - kibbutz Arzi - separatists and  U.S.S.R., Latvia, and partly from Lithuania - Nezah scouting pioneers]

The World Federation of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) was founded in Danzig in 1924. It had been preceded by the establishment of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) movements in Rumania [[Romania]], Lithuania, Latvia, the U.S.S.R. (in addition to the existing movements in Galicia, Poland, and Austria), and by the initiation of efforts on the part of the kibbutzim in Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]] to cooperate in the organized and concentrated guidance of the movement abroad. More branches were founded in the period between the First and Second World Convention (the latter also held at Danzig in 1927) in Czechoslovakia, the U.S., Canada, Belgium, and Bulgaria.

The founding of the Kibbutz Arzi (Arẓi) greatly enhanced the influence of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) in Erez Israel upon the movement abroad.

[[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) in the [[criminal Gulag]] U.S.S.R., Latvia, and, to some degree, in Lithuania, however, did not accept the independent political orientation of the majority of the movement, and members of the movement in these countries who settled in Israel [[[[Fantasy]] Palestine before 1948]] found their way to the *Ahdut (Aḥdut) ha-Avodah Party (which in 1930 merged with *Ha-Po'el ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) to become *Mapai), and did not joint the Kibbutz Arzi (Arẓi) upon its establishment.

When the Kibbutz Arzi (Arẓi) was in its early stage, there was still hope that the split in the ranks of the movement would eventually heal, and thus the Second Convention decided to regard the Kibbutz Arzi (Arẓi) only as the "principal path for the movement". The [[Jesus Fantasy]] Russian-Latvian minority in Israel [[[[Fantasy]] Palestine before 1948]], however, not only failed to join Kibbutz Arzi (Arẓi), but became one of the founders of *Ha-Kibbutz ha-Me'uhad (Me'uḥad) (linked to Ahdut (Aḥdut) ha-Avodah and later to Mapai); disappointed in its expectations, the Third Convention (held in Vrutky, Czechoslovakia in 1930) decided that the Kibbutz Arzi (Arẓi) was now the only correct path for the [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir). The [[Jesus Fantasy]] Russian-Latvian minority responded by seceding from the movement and forming "Nezah" (Neẓaḥ) (No'ar Zofi-Halutzi-[[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (No'ar Ẓofi-Ḥalutzi-[[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Ẓa'ir) - Scouting Pioneering Youth, see below).

[[It's clear that this kibbutz [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer "pioneer" manipulation is a first grade of militarization]].

On the Eve of World War II and the Holocaust

[The branches of the Moses Fantasy Zionist kibbutz movement Moses Fantasy Ha-Shomer in 1935 - self-defense and underground conditions since 1938 appr.]

At the time of the Fourth World Convention (Poprad, Czechoslovakia, 1935), [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) had reached the height of its strength and achievements: groups in Hungary, Germany, Yugoslavia, France, Britain, Switzerland, Tunisia, Egypt, and South Africa had joined the movement, and there were encouraging beginnings in Latin America; membership totaled 70,000, with the majority about to go to [[Fantasy]] Palestine or undergoing agricultural training, and with the adult members active in *He-Halutz the [[...]]. (co. 1374)

The rising tide of fascism in eastern and Central Europe forced the movement to organize itself for self-defense and for the continuation of its activities under conditions of semilegality or, if this should become necessary, as an underground movement.

[Poland and Baltic States Sep. 1939-1945: Mass flight to Vilna and to criminal Gulag "SU" - integration in the Soviet Army against the NS forces - or emigration before 1941 - or Moses Fantasy Jewish resistance fighters in Nazi Germanic Fantasy NS territories]

When World War II broke out, large numbers of members seeking to escape from the invading German forces converged upon Vilna. A part of this Vilna group eventually joined other refugees in fleeing to the [[criminal Gulag]] Soviet Union, where they fought in the ranks of the Red Army. Some succeeded in reaching Erez Israel before the German-[[Jesus Fantasy]] Russian war broke out (June 1941). Others, however, were ordered by the movement to return to Nazi-occupied territory, where they became outstanding activists of the [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewish resistance, the [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewish partisans, and the ghetto fighters.

Mordecai *Anielewicz, the commander of the revolt in the *Warsaw ghetto, was a member of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) movement, and elsewhere in the Polish ghettos and in other countries under Nazi occupation the movement's members were among the leaders of the uprisings.

[[Indications about casualties, victims or killed enemies are missing in the article]].

The Postwar Period

[Survivors helping for illegal racist Moses Fantasy Jewish Zionist immigration - rehabilitation (and manipulation) of Moses Fantasy Jewish children in D.P. camps - kibbutz Moses Fantasy Ha-Shomer propaganda in Latin America - conventions in racist Herzl Israel since 1948]

After the war, the surviving members of the movement prepared for aliyah [[emigration for [[Fantasy]] Palestine]]

[[unfortunately there is no indication how many have survived]]

and took an active part in the organization of the "illegal" immigration to Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]] and the rehabilitation and reeducation of the surviving refugee children in the displaced persons camps in Germany [[one of the D.P. centers was Munich, in Austria it was Vienna]] and Italy. In the wake of the political developments in eastern and Central Europe, the little that had remained of the movement soon dissolved.

Henceforth, [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) centered its activities particularly upon Latin America, and members from this area are to be found in most of the movement's kibbutzim in [[Moses Fantasy Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel.

[[There are no [[Muhammad Fantasy]] Arabs in the Moses Fantasy Zionist kibbutz...]]

Branches of the movement continue to exist also in North America, western Europe, South Africa, and Australia. The Fifth World Convention, held in 1958, was the first to meet in [[Moses Fantasy Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel, which had by then become the seat of the head-quarters of the movement. Branch offices also existed in Paris, New York, and Buenos Aires. Their task was to direct the work of the emissaries of Kibbutz Arzi (Arẓi) dispatched to the various countries.

[Moses Fantasy] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir in Israel [in Fantasy Palestine before 1948]

The Israel Federation of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) naturally occupies a special place among the various branches. When the federation was first established (in 1930), the principles and methods applied by the movement in its work in the Diaspora had to be adapted to the conditions prevailing in Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]], where the problems of [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewish youth are radically different and were the kibbutz is not far away.

The relative importance of the Israel movement in the World Federation and as a reservoir of manpower for the Kibbutz Arzi (Arẓi) has grown from year to year, and it has also ben playing an ever-increasing role in the establishment of new [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) kibbutzim and the consolidation of existing kibbutzim. The first kibbutz founded by graduates of the movement in Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]] was Nir David in the Beth-Shean Valley, established in 1936. (See also *Mapam).

[[It can be admitted that the Moses Fantasy Zionist kibbutz friends of Moses Fantasy Ha-Shomer also were engaged in the actions against the [[Muhammad Fantasy]] Arabs and in the "War of Independence" to get new territory for more kibbutz]].

[Criminal racist] U.S.-Canada

The movement was founded in North America in 1923. [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) has found it difficult to make headway in the American [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewish community, with its economic prosperity, its lack of a youth-movement tradition, and the philanthropic character of its [[racist]] Zionist movement. Nevertheless, there are a number of kibbutzim in [[Moses Fantasy Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel in which U.S. [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) graduates predominate (such as Ein ha-Shofet, Kefar Menahem, Hazor, Galon, Sasa, and Barkai). In the course of time, the American movement was also instrumental in the establishment of adult groups (Americans for Progressive [[Moses Fantasy Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel, linked to Mapam in [[Moses Fantasy Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel), made up of people who were attracted by the [[racist]] Zionist-socialist orientation of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer (col. 1375)

ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir). In the U.S., the movement has its own [[Moses Fantasy Zionist]] organ, Young Guard and maintains branches in Detroit, Boston, New York, Los Angeles, and, in Canada, in Montreal and Toronto, as well as training farms for the specific purpose of preparing for aliyah [[emigration to [[Fantasy]] Palestine]] and kibbutz life.

Great Britain

The [[Moses Fantasy Zionist]] movement was founded in great Britain in the late 1930s, by [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) members among the refugees from the continent, and by members of He-Halutz (He-Ḥalutz) and Habonim, who were attracted by [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) ideology. While it made progress during the war and the immediate postwar period, the movement has not succeeded in recovering the losses in its ranks caused by the aliyah [[emigration to [[Fantasy]] Palestine]] of its founders and leading members (in the period 1946-1950), nor has it yet been able to reach the second generation, British-born [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewish youth.

Branches exist in Manchester and in London. In [[Moses Fantasy Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel, [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) settlers from Britain are found primarily in the kibbutzim Ha-Ma'pil, Ha-Zore'a, Yasur and Zikim.

South Africa
Founded in 1935, the movement has branches in Johannesburg and Capetown. In [[Moses Fantasy Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel, South African halutzim (ḥalutzim) [[pioneers]] of the movement have settled in Shuval, Barkai, Nahshon (Naḥshon), and Zikim.


Australian [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) was founded in 1953, with branches in Melbourne and Sydney. Its settlers in [[Moses Fantasy Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel are concentrated mainly in Nirim.


Nezah (Neẓaḥ)

[Moses Fantasy Ha-Shomer splinter group since 1930 - underground Jesus Fantasy Russian branch of Moses Fantasy Ha-Shomer with kibbutz on Lake Kinneret with other structure - inner struggle within Moses Fantasy Ha-Shomer]

Nezah (Neẓaḥ) was established in 1930 as the result of a split in [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) in [[Jesus Fantasy]] Russia at the beginning of the [[criminal Gulag]] Soviet regime. During this period many groups of [[Moses Fantasy]] Jewish scouts existed in [[Jesus Fantasy]] Russia; some were affiliated with *Maccabi, while others had no affiliations.

[[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer Ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) in [[Jesus Fantasy]] Russia held its clandestine founding convention in Moscow in 1922 and established itself as a country-wide movement. During David *Ben-Gurion's visit to [[Jesus Fantasy]] Russia in 1923 the movement's basic ideology became personal fulfillment through aliyah [[emigration to [[Fantasy]] Palestine]] and pioneering in Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]]. Although illegal and persecuted by the authorities, [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) grew in size and had as many as 20,000 adherents throughout [[criminal Gulag]] Soviet [[Jesus Fantasy]] Russia. Its last "Information Page" was circulated as late as 1932, and there is evidence that some of its groups continued to exist even after that date.

The first halutzim (ḥalutzim) [["pioneers"]] of this movement went to [[Fantasy]] Palestine in 1924 and founded [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) kibbutz from the [[criminal Gulag]] U.S.S.R. on the shores of Lake Kinneret (now kibbutz Afikim). Their underground existence in [[Jesus Fantasy]] Russia had prevented their attending the founding convention of the world movement of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) and upon their arrival in Erez Israel they discovered that there were substantial differences between them and the movement that developed outside [[Jesus Fantasy]] Russia.

They advocated membership in one of the existing labor parties (from 1930 this party was Mapai). They also opposed the creation of Ha-Kibbutz ha-Arzi (Arẓi) as a separate federation of kibbutzim of [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) and proposed joining kibbutzim from other movements in a single federation (which later became ha-Kibbutz ha-Me'uhad (Me'uḥad)); they disagreed with the ideological transformation which took place in [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir), and turned it from a pioneering youth movement into a political body advocating, in one of its planks, the "socialist revolution" in the leftist meaning of the term.

The struggle inside [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) went on for six years, ending in the secession of the [[Jesus Fantasy]] Russian [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) from the movement and the creation of Nezah (Neẓaḥ), which adhered to the original ideology of the [[Jesus Fantasy]] Russian [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir). The new movement was composed of the [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir (Ẓa'ir) from [[Jesus Fantasy]] Russia, Latvia, Estonia, and (col. 1376)

Lithuania, and was later joined by the *Blau-Weiss [[Blue-White]] (or Tekhelet Lavan) movement, in Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia. It also maintained close ties with the Borissia movement of Transylvania, and, in its last years, with the *Ihud (Iḥud) Habonim in England and America. Members of Nezah (Neẓaḥ) may be found in Afikim, Kefar Giladi, Ein Gev, Kinneret, Ne'ot Mordekhai, and other kibbutzim. Most of them became members of Mapai (from 1968, the [[Moses Fantasy Zionist]] Israel Labor Party).


[[The Muhammad Fantasy Arabs are never mentioned in this article. Muhammad Fantasy Arabs don't count for Encyclopaedia Judaica. This is the clear signal that this Encyclopaedia Judaica is made by the secret service of Mossad from Zionist Rothschild. "Pioneers" can be turned into soldiers easily...]]

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-- D. Leon: The Kibbutz (1964)
-- A. Ben-Shalom: Deep Furrows (1939)
-- I.L. Lindheim: Parallel Quest (1962)
-- Israel Horizons (1953-   )
-- Young Guard (1934-   ; title varies)
-- Hashomer Hatzair (Johannesburg, 1936-56)
-- Labor Israel (1948-59)
-- Sefer [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir, 3 vols. (1956-64)
-- Sefer [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir, 3 vols. (1956-1964)
-- Sefer [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomerim 1913-1933 (1934)
-- P. Merhav: Toledot Tenu'at ha-Po'alim be-Erez-Yisrael (1967)
-- A. Ophir: Afikim be-Mahazit Yovelah (1951)
-- D. Horowitz: Ha-Etmol Shelli (1970), 73-152.> (col. 1377)

[Mossad] Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971):
                        Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir, vol. 8, col. 1372
[Mossad] Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir, vol. 8, col. 1372
[Mossad] Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971):
                        Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir, vol. 8, col. 1373-1374
[Mossad] Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir, vol. 8, col. 1373-1374
[Mossad] Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971):
                        Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir, vol. 8, col. 1375-1376
[Mossad] Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir, vol. 8, col. 1375-1376
[Mossad] Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971):
                        Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir, vol. 8, col. 1377
[Mossad] Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[Moses Fantasy]] Ha-Shomer ha-Za'ir, vol. 8, col. 1377

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