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Encyclopaedia Judaica

Anti-Semitism in "USA" 1776-1970

"Emancipation" since 1776 - immigration waves and anti-Semitic reaction 1881-1914 - depression 1929 - economic expansion hindering an anti-Semitic movement

from: Encyclopaedia Judaica: Anti-Semitism, vol. 3

presented by Michael Palomino (2008)



[Emancipation between racist "Christians" and racist Jews against the First Nations]

<For the first two centuries of the United States' national history anti-Semitism as an active force was practically nonexistent. Certain remnants of exclusion on [[racist]] Christian grounds from public office did exist in the early years of the 19th century, but these were all ultimately removed on the grounds of constitutional logic. As a population the Jews were an insignificant handful: the social structure of the country as a whole was largely fluid. The serious conflicts within the [[racist criminal]]United States until after the Civil War had almost nothing to do with Jews, and they played so little role that none of the contenders could use them as scapegoat.

[[The racist "Christians" and the racist Jews had a common aim: the elimination of the First Nations (natives, "Indians"), and this functioned very well. The First Nations are never mentioned in Encyclopaedia Judaica...]]

[Huge Jewish immigration wave and anti-Semitic reaction 1881-1914 - Great Depression of 1929 - economic expansion hindering an anti-Semitic movement]

A certain amount of endemic social prejudice reappeared in 1870s, especially in the sight of the rapid economic rise of the first generation of German Jews to affluence. This was one expression of the process by which newly rich gentile elements were asserting their social positions by manufacturing exclusiveness. The serious tensions which did arise were a concomitant of the mass immigration from 1881 to 1914, as gentiles fled from - or battled to retain - neighborhoods becoming filled with masses of very foreign Jews from eastern Europe. There was substantial discrimination in housing and educational opportunities at the colleges and universities, and especially in jobs in the highly structured bureaucracies of heavy industry, insurance, and banking. This new immigration provided in the first third of the century many of both the leaders and the followers of what little there was of left-wing politics in the big cities.

This was well remembered in the reaction to the Russian Revolution and later, to the Great Depression of 1929, when there appeared a substantial amount of overt American anti-Semitism. This was carried further in the 1930s under the impetus of Nazism and its American wing, the German-American Bund. Native-born American radicalism, the populist tradition with its suspicions of the big cities, the intellectuals and, (col. 126)

above all, of the Wall Street bankers, had its own anti-Semitic component. It looked for a moment in the 1930s as if anti-Semitism might become a substantial force in the [[criminal racist]] United States, but that moment was superseded by World War II. As a whole, American anti-Semitism has been one of the least serious of all its manifestations in the western world, at least in part because the [[criminal racist]] United States has had, during the last century, phenomenal economic expansion [[by eliminating and Holocaust of the First Nations (natives, "Indians")]].> (col. 135)


Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971):
                        Anti-Semitism, vol. 3, 125-126
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Anti-Semitism, vol. 3, 125-126
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971):
                        Anti-Semitism, vol. 3, 135-136
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Anti-Semitism, vol. 3, 135-136