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Yehuda Bauer: My Brother's Keeper

A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee 1929-1939

[Holocaust preparations in Europe and resistance without solution of the situation]

The Jewish Publication Society of America, Philadelphia 1974

Transcription with subtitles by Michael Palomino (2007)

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Chapter 1. A Time of Crisis: 1929-1932

[1.3. The resolution for a lasting existence of the Joint 1927-1931]

[1927: JDC tactics of temporary existence changes: JDC structure reform for longer existence]

For most of the 1920s, as we have seen, JDC thought of itself as a temporary organization - reflecting the prevalent illusion of the permanency of Jewish economic reconstruction after the war. But when the conclusion could no longer be escaped that JDC would be needed for an appreciably longer period of time than had been originally anticipated, a decision was made in 1927 to reorganize JDC on a more permanent basis.

[May 1929-17 March 1931: JDC structure: Foundation of a reorganization committee of 18 under Louis Marshall - registration in New York]

In May 1929 a reorganization committee of 18 was formed under Louis Marshall; this committee made its report on January 15, 1930, after his death. It was accepted and, after some minor modifications, resulted in the setting up of a new corporation registered in New York State on March 17, 1931, under the name of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Inc.

[Since 17 March 1931: New mood of stability in the JDC]

This new mood of stability was reflected in the fieldwork of JDC. In 1927-29 long-term reconstruction plans were considered, on the assumption that prosperity in the Western world would continue uninterrupted. (p.27)

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