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Encyclopaedia Judaica

Moses Fantasy Jewry: Migration 02: 1881-1914

Emigration waves of East European and Central European Moses Fantasy Jews to oversea countries

presented by Michael Palomino (2007 / 2019 / 2023)

3 fantasies - but Mother Earth is REAL
Moses is a fantasy - nothing could be found of him. The proofs are in the book: The Bible unearthed - link. So, Jewry is a fantasy, and also the Jewish calendar is a fantasy. Also Jesus is a fantasy: nothing could be found, but it's a code fantasy with the numbers 3,12,13 and 33 - link. Therefore, Christiandom is a fantasy, and also the Christian calendar is a fantasy - and the Vatican is a criminal pedophile satanic drug money laundering bank mafia - link with videos - link with news. Also Muhammad is a fantasy: nothing could be found, and the name "Muhammad" was used only since 850, not in 600 - link. Therefore also the Muslim calendar is a fantasy. Peace and healings and instructions how to handle the planet are with Mother Earth - Mother Earth is REAL and everybody can learn it: http://www.med-etc.com - have a good day. - Michael Palomino, May 12, 2019

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-- History; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 8
-- Migration; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 16

Emigration of the Moses Fantasy Jews 1881-1914, map
Emigration of the Jews 1881-1914, map

From the Pale of Settlement (Russia, Galicia and Rumania) are emigrating Moses Fantasy Jews from 1881 to 1914:
-- to Canada: 105,800
-- to the "USA": 2,021,400
-- to Brazil: 9,750
-- to Argentina: 112,615
-- to South Africa: 44,377
-- to Erez Israel [[desert strip Palestine]]: 55,000

(from: History; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 8, col. 729-730)

This migration happened because of lasting brutal dicriminating czarist law in Jesus Fantasy Russia and numerus clausus in czarist Jesus Fantasy Russia.

[1881-1914: Emigration figures - Moses Fantasy Jewish Yiddish "ghettos" in Jesus Fantasy Europe and in the Jesus Fantasy "USA"]

(from: History; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 8)

Between 1881 and 1914 over 2 1/2 million emigrated from Eastern Europe (c. 80,000 annually), over two million of them to the United States, creating the great Jewish center there. Over 350,000 settled in Western Europe; centers of Jewish tailoring and trade in England and in other countries were created by this emigration, since a large proportion of the Jews were tailors and many who formerly had no profession joined their ranks.

Many others turned to peddling. The "greenhorns" were unacquainted with the language and culture of the new country and dependent to a large degree on economic help and spiritual help from earlier arrivals. They clustered together, thus creating "ghettos" in the great cities of the east coast of the United States and in Western Europe. These were at first islands of Eastern European Jewish culture and way of life, where Yiddish was spoken and *Yiddish literature, newspapers, theaters, and journalism burgeoned amidst the surrounding cultures.

For the second generation, the traditions of learning and respect for intellectual activities and the free professions pointed to intensive study and the acquirement of a profession as the way to social betterment. This naturally entailed deep acculturation. The dynamics of traditional Jewish culture in an open and more or less tolerant society created the present broad strata in Jewry of those occupied (col. 735)

in the free professions, of the intelligentsia, writers, artists, and newspapermen in the United States and other Western countries. The children and grandchildren of the poor and hard-working immigrant parents, who at first laboured in the grueling atmosphere of the "sweat shops" "pulled themselves up by their own boot straps" thanks to a tradition that took the road of learning and social leadership and service wherever and whenever permitted.

The present situation, where the vast majority of Jewish youth enters the universities and other academic institutions, can be interpreted as being no less the result of an acceleration of immanent Jewish trends than a part of the present general trend toward academic education. The vestiges of occupations such as tailoring and peddling are rapidly disappearing. Productivization has taken a different and unexpected turn in modern Jewish society in the West.> (col. 736)


Encyclopaedia Judaica: History, vol. 8,
                            col. 729-730
Encyclopaedia Judaica: History, vol. 8, col. 729-730
Encyclopaedia Judaica: History, vol. 8,
                            col. 735-736
Encyclopaedia Judaica: History, vol. 8, col. 735-736

[Pogroms in Russia 1881 and 1905 - emigration movements from Eastern Europe to "USA", Canada, Argentina, Erez Israel, and South Africa]

(from: Migration; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 16)

The period of intensive Jewish migration since 1881 can be divided into three main parts, with several subdivisions.


This period is characterized by a large flow of Jewish migration from Eastern Europe overseas and by the virtual absence of administrative restrictions on free entry into the main immigration recipient - the United States of America. The total volume of Jewish intercontinental migrations during 1840-80 has been estimated at little above 200,000, but for the years 1881-1914 at about 2,400,000.

The overwhelming majority of these Jewish migrants came from Eastern Europe: the czarist empire, the eastern regions of Austria-Hungary (especially Galicia), and Romania. They were escaping the hardships inflicted by poverty, anti-Semitic discrimination, or political oppression. Since East European Jewry experienced a strong natural increase at the time, emigration also served as a regulator drawing away the Jewish population surplus for which there were not enough opportunities for a livelihood in those backward and inhospitable surroundings. About 85% of the Jewish intercontinental migrants turned to the U.S. Conspicuous among the other destinations were (in descending order of numbers) Canada, Argentina, Erez Israel, and South Africa.

The overseas movement of East European Jews started in 1881, after a series of pogroms in Russia. Its intensity increased in the first half of the 1890s, subsequently ebbed somewhat, but rose sharply after the great 1905 wave of pogroms in Russia, which came in the wake of the abortive revolution of that year. From mid-1905 to mid-1906, a peak figure of 154,000 Jews arrived in the U.S., and the total volume of Jewish international migrations in the same year has been estimated at 200-250,000. Similar figures were reached in the following year and again directly before the outbreak of World War I.

In most immigration countries, the statistics on Jewish arrivals were markedly higher during the second part of the period (1901-14) than during its first part (1881-1900). The outbreak of World War I put an abrupt stop to this vast movement while it was still gathering momentum. The absolute and relative size of intercontinental migration, by countries of destination, is seen in Table I.

Table 1. Jewish Intercontinental Migrations 1881-1914* (rough estimates)
*Excludes remigration to region of origin
Country of destination

Absolute Numbers (Thousands)

in %
in %
in %
Yearly average of migrants



United States
85%xx 675xx 88%xx 1,365xx 84%xx
105xx 4%xx 10xx 1%xx 95xx 6%xx
113xx 5%xx 25xx 3%xx 88xx 6%xx
Other Latin American countries
14xx 0.5% 2xx 0.5%
12xx 0.5%
South Africa
43xx 5%xx 23xx 3%xx 20xx 1%xx
Erez Israel
70xx 3%xx 30xx 4%xx 40xx 2%xx
15xx 0.5%
5xx 0.5%xx 10xx 0.5%

per 1,000 of Jewish population
in the whole world

per 1,000 of Jewish population
in main emigration regions (Eastern Europe)

from: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 16, col. 1519-1520

(col. 1519-1520)

In the U.S. (see Table 2), those registered as Hebrews accounted for nearly 11% of all migrants during 1899-1914 (the total share of the Jews may have even been somewhat greater as it is not certain that every Jew was actually registered under "Hebrews").

The number of Jews was second largest of all the immigrant national groups that came to the U.S. during that period; if, however, remigration is deducted and only net migration is considered, the difference between the Jews and the top group - the Italians - almost disappears.

Table 2. Jewish* Immigrants to the United States, 1899-1914
60,764xxxxxxxxxx 1908
58,098xxxxxxxxxx 1909
57,688xxxxxxxxxx 1910
76,203xxxxxxxxxx 1911
106,236xxxxxxxxxx 1912
129,910xxxxxxxxxx 1913
153,748xxxxxxxxxx 1914
*The category "Hebrew" was first introduced into the official migration statistics in 1899
** Fiscal year, i.e., the 12 months ending in June of the year indicated
from: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 16, col. 1521


The Jews differed from other immigrant groups in the U.S. by their low proportion of remigration - 7 remigrants per 100 immigrants during 1908-14, as compared to an overall average of 31 per hundred (among some national groups, remigration exceeded half the volume of immigration).

[Family emigration of the Jews]

Because of the permanent nature of their immigration, the Jews often brought their entire families with them and thus had higher proportions of women and children than other immigrant groups (see Table 3).

Table 3. Differential Characteristics of Jewish and Total Immigrants to the United States, 1899-1914

Jewish Immigrants
Total Immigrants

Age distribution

45 and over


Occupational distribution of earners

Clothing manufacture
together 17.8%
Other industry
Commerce and transport
Liberal professions
Unskilled labour
from: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 16, col. 1521

The Jewish immigrants to the U.S. were also distinguished by the high proportion registered as industrial workers: 66% wage earners. In the U.S. immigration statistics of 1899-1914, Jews thus accounted for 31% of all industrial workers, and in some branches, especially clothing manufacture, they were a clear majority.

[1899-1914: The countries of origin of close to 1.5 mio. Jews emigrating to the "USA"]

During 1899-1914, the distribution by previous country of residence of the close to 1,500,000 Jews who immigrated to the U.S. was as follows:

-- Russia: 71.7%
-- Austria-Hungary: 16.2%
-- Romania: 4.2%
-- Great Britain: 4.0%
-- Canada: 1.2%
-- Germany: 0.7%
-- other countries: 2.0%

(but: Among the Jews arriving in the U.S. from countries outside Eastern Europe, particularly Great Britain and Canada, many were actually of East European origin).

[[There was never a question of the right of the natives...]]

[1882-1914: 70,000 Jews emigrating to Palestine]

Immigration to Erez Israel during the same period fell immensely short of the mighty stream that turned to the U.S. In the history of modern Erez Israel it is usual to distinguish between the First Aliyah (1882-1903) and the Second Aliyah (1904-1914). Altogether about 70,000 Jews migrated to the country, but a (col. 1521)

considerable number of them left again, mainly because of economic difficulties. Due to the overwhelming attraction of the U.S. and of other economically promising overseas countries, the arrivals in Erez Israel accounted for only 3% of Jewish intercontinental migrants.

[[Supplement: The racist book from Theodor Herzl "The Jewish State" 1896 - Zionism from Basel]]

Since the publication of the book of Theodor Herzl "The Jewish State" in 1896 the Arabs form platforms against Jewish emigration because racist Herzl says that the Arabs can be driven away like the natives in the "USA". And Herzl says that eventually gold mines could be found in the Holy Land. The Zionists of Basel precisely want that what Herzl says: to drive the Arabs away like the natives of the "USA". This was the resolution of the First Zionist Congress at Basel in 1897. But since 1915 the Arabs got weapons by the British against Turkish troops, and the Arabs cannot be driven away. So stupid racist Zionism is stuck in eternal war with the Arabs and does not give up the racist  Herzl book which blocks any solution for Human Rights in Palestine]].

[Migration from Eastern to Central and Western Europe - migration within the European empires]

During 1881-1914 there was also considerable international migration of Jews within Europe - generally from east to west and particularly, from Russia and Romania to Central and Western European countries. This movement has been estimated to include 350,000 persons so that the total of Jewish international migrants over that period amounted  to about 2,750,000. There were also large-scale streams of Jewish migration within the extended empires of Europe of that time: from east (Galicia, Bukovina, Poznan) to west in the Austro-Hungarian and German empires; in a southern direction (Odessa) within Russia. In addition, Jews in many countries participated with relative intensity in the movement from smaller localities to large cities. Within cities, the socioeconomic rise of many Jews enabled them to move to more well-to-do residential quarters.> (col. 1522)

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Encyclopaedia Judaica: Migration, vol. 12,
                      col. 1519-1520
Encyclopaedia Judaica: Migration, vol. 12, col. 1519-1520
Encyclopaedia Judaica: Migration, vol. 12,
                      col. 1521-1522
Encyclopaedia Judaica: Migration, vol. 12, col. 1521-1522

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